Guatemala City (Spanish: Ciudad de Guatemala), locally known as Guatemala or Guate, is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Guatemala, and the most populous in Central America. The city is located in the south-central part of the country, nestled in a mountain valley called, in Spanish, Valle de la Ermita. In 2009, it had a formal population of 1,075,000, but the metropolitan population is believed to have reached at least 4.5 million in 2013. Guatemala City is also the capital of the local Municipality of Guatemala and of the Guatemala Department.
Humans have long inhabited and settled in the areas in and around modern-day Guatemala City. Upon the advent of agriculture, some of these early Neolithic settlements grew to become large, stratified cities. Testimony of this can be seen in the western suburbs of Guatemala City, where the ruins of the central ceremonial center of the Preclassic Maya city of Kaminaljuyu are located. Archeological evidence demonstrates that Kaminaljuyu was first occupied by the Maya around 1500 BC, with the site being continuously inhabited until around 1200 AD. The footprint of the archeological site is extensive, proof of the size and sophistication of Kaminaljuyu at its Preclassic peak. As a result, in the late 20th century, the unregulated suburbs of modern-day Guatemala City grew above and around the ruins. Many of the outlying ruins, along with several hundred temple mounds, were covered over with freeways, shopping centers, businesses, luxury hotels and residential areas. However, the central ceremonial center of Kaminaljuyu came under the protection of the Guatemalan government and is now a park.
Coordinates: 15°30′N 90°15′W / 15.500°N 90.250°W / 15.500; -90.250
Guatemala (i/ˌɡwɑːtᵻˈmɑːləˌ ɡwæ-ˌ ɡɑː-/ GWAH-tə-MAH-lə, GWAT-ə-MAH-lə or GAH-tə-MAH-lə; Spanish: [gwateˈmala]), officially the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish: República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast. With an estimated population of around 15.8 million, it is the most populous state in Central America. A representative democracy, Guatemala's capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.
The territory of modern Guatemala once formed the core of the Mayan civilization, which extended across Mesoamerica. Most of the country was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century, becoming part of the viceroyalty of New Spain. Guatemala attained independence in 1821 as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, which dissolved in 1841.
Guatemala is one of the 22 departments of Guatemala. The capital is Guatemala City, which also serves as the national capital.
The department covers a surface area of 2,126 square kilometres (821 sq mi), and had a population of 2,541,581 at the 2002 census.
Coordinates: 14°38′29″N 90°30′47″W / 14.64139°N 90.51306°W / 14.64139; -90.51306
Guatemala is a country in Central America.
Guatemala may also refer to:
|Radio Tropicálida 104.9||Varied||Guatemala|
|Emisoras Unidas 89.7||News Talk||Guatemala|
|Radio Tropicana 94.7 FM Escuintla Guatemala||Spanish||Guatemala|
|Radio Vida Nueva 1490||Christian||Guatemala|
|Radio la voz de Atitlàn||Unknown||Guatemala|
|Radio Xequijel Quetzaltenango Guatemala||Spanish||Guatemala|
|Radio Maria Guatemala||Gospel,Christian||Guatemala|
|Hacker por Cristo||Christian Contemporary||Guatemala|
|Radio Cultural TGN||Christian||Guatemala|